The “Code-Breaker” written by Jim Holt is a bibliography of Alan Turing, an accomplished scientist of his time. Because he was homosexual, he had undergone many hardships due to the disapproval of the society. Holt successfully described the hardships during Turing’s lifetime and lets the reader to recognize how closed minded the society was in regards to homosexuals.

Turing’s hardships began when he was young. Although he was described as a good-looking boy, he was not very popular with his classmates. Everything changed when he met another boy who had shared the same interest in science. His close friendship would only last a year until his friend past away from tuberculosis. This left Turing back to his lonely self with the need to find another special romantic person that he could spend the rest of his life together. Analyzing this portion of the bibliography, Holt flip-flops between the positive and negative sides of Turing’s life. This gives the reader a sense of pity for the young Turing. This style of writing also allows the reader to feel what Turing has felt when he had lost the love of his life.

Soon after his achievements in science, Turing found interest and an affair with a man named Arnold Murray. One day he found his house broken into by a man associated with Murray and he called the cops. Needing evidence, he explained the whole affair to the detectives in hopes to catch the burglar. Ironically, he was charged instead for “gross indecency” (345). The following years were not much better as he was subjected to hormone injections from a medical practitioner, which lead him to feel humiliated about his body. During this portion of the bibliography, it is clear that homosexuals were deemed “sick” and needed medical attention. Therefore, the injection of hormones into the homosexuals was conducted. This goes to show, that heterosexuals people were only accepted during that time.

“Code-Breaker”, a bibliography written for the general audience, described the many hardships in during Alan Turing’s lifetime in such a way that the reader was emotionally affected. It also allowed the reader to how unaccepting people were to homosexuals.
Written by Thomas King, “Borders” is a fictional childhood story that reveals the loss of identity of natives as immigrants established themselves in North America resulting to the division of the land. The border crossing is used to establish the differences of the perspective of the main border between the mother and son, and metaphorically to reveal how identities of minorities are over dissolved into large general identities such as Canadian and American.

Because this story is told from King’s childhood experience, the trade of thoughts and actions discussed in the story show how naïve the younger generation has become. King reveals exactly what Laetitia thinks is the main boarder. “You’ll be able to see the tops of the flagpoles, too. That’s where the border is.” (132) The younger generation has learnt to accept facts agreed by the majority with little to no questions. This would lead them to accept what others believe is true such as the location of the Canadian and American border. His mother on the other hand believes in her Blackfoot’s recognition of a border. “You can still see the mountains from here.” (133) She is much associated with her Blackfoot grassroots and the closeness with the wilderness. Mountains and rivers were used to separate different sections of land, but people were still able to move between sections with ease.

The younger generation also has grown in a society that has given them the thought of trying to fit in. “It would have been easier if my mother had just said “Canadian” and been down with it, but I could see she wasn’t going to do that.” (135) King’s thoughts exhibit his lack of patriotism for Blackfoot because he was grown to accept the identity of being a Canadian or an American. However like a number of the older Blackfoot generation, the mother believes she is and can only be a Blackfoot. “In the end, she (Stella) told us that if my mother didn’t declare her citizenship, we would have to go back to where we came from. My mother stood up and thanked Stella for her time.” The mother had never associated herself as a Canadian Blackfoot and she would not give up her pride of being a Blackfoot, even if she was rejected from entering the United States.

“Borders” by Thomas King has successfully shown what is the border in a physical context and how merging of the identities of minorities is portrayed in a metaphorical context using the Canadian and American borders. Furthermore, as many of the identities dissolve, their own specific language will also be lost.
Jennifer Turpin, a researcher of violence and its relationship to the distribution of power, has written and contributed to variety of written works. “Women Confronting War” by Jennifer Turpin successfully informs reader of the effect of war on women through the use of historical facts and emotional persuasion to support the main idea of her essay.
Turpin begins her essay with the difference of roles between males and females in regards to war. “War suggest that men make war, woman make peace” (324). The significance of this kind of introduction is to build an argument and a purpose of the essay. Through the analysis of the vocabulary and writing style of this particular quote, it would infer that the intended audience is a general audience with no prior knowledge of the main idea of the essay.
Next, Turpin states a summary of the ways woman are impacted negatively in the presence of war. "Women suffer from war in many ways, including, dying, experiencing sexual abuse and torture, and losing loved ones, homes, communities” (325). This informs the audience of the topics that possibly lies ahead. It also allows the audience to realize that there are many factors that affect women during war.
Turpin continues her essay with the fact that women and their children are the main victims of casualties caused war bombings. “While 50 percent of World War II’s casualties were civilians, in the 1980s the figure rose to 80 percent, and by 1990 it was a staggering 90 percent” (325). She uses the appeal to logic to provide evidence that support her idea. The significant increase of civilian casualties will be a problem on future wars.
Women also contribute to the large number of refugees during war. “They (women) must seek food and safety not only for themselves, but also for their children, who also need health care, housing and an education” (326). Again, Turpin uses logos to support her idea. It is a fact that mothers will always try to protect and do what is best for their children.
Turpin describes the effect of war on women cause sexual violence such as rape and prostitution. As refugees flee from danger, they become more vulnerable to other forms of violence. “”Two of the young and pretty girls were taken to the front of the boat and raped. Everyone heard everything, all of the screams” (326). This described one incident that occurred when refugees were fleeing Vietnam. Appeal to pathos was used to enhance the seriousness of sexual violence during war. This would infer that victims of bullying that results to humiliation. Prostitution is prevalent during war because it uses the woman’s own resource when other resources to make a living are hindered because of war. “The prostitutes are often young girls endeavoring to support their families or women when need to support their children” (328). This has implied that women would do anything in their part to help their family and children. It also gives the audience a sense of pity for the girls and women who have to go along this path to make ends meet.
“Women Confronting War” effectively informed the audience of the effects that war have on women through the use of logos, pathos and ethos through the writer’s academic status.
Honeybees and humans have a relationship going back thousands of years due to the human dependance of bees for pollination, and more recently as an economic comodity as well. Noah Wilson-Rich, a scientist studying bees and its diseases, conducted a TED talk about bees in hopes to make people aware of the importance of these tiny critters.
Bees are not only important for the production of honey, but the play a larger role on pollination and the growth of fruits and vegetable. In order for flowers to become fruits and vegetable, plants have to have pollen from another plant. Bees play a role here. When they travel into the flower to acquire nectar, pollen would attach itself onto the bees' body and get transfer when the bees move to another flower. This is essential for all plants to mature and especially for the production of fruits and vegetables humans eat. This is why there is a indirect correlation of declined bee population and the increase of honey, fruits and vegetable comodity prices.
Noah has mentioned that many bee colonies have suffered a colony collapse disorder in which bees are dying, but no dead bee corpse are found. The cause of this disorder is still unknown. What is known to disease the bees are Varroa Mites, which are pests that have migrated from Asia westwards and now affect North American bees. With these pests, honeybee farmers have an even greater difficulty raising and maintaining healthy bees. Fortunately, ther results of a study has been conducted to determine higher survival rates of bees in rural versus urban areas determined that there was greater survival of bees in urban cities. The placement of honeybee colonies in urban areas would help the plants in proximity to prosper.
Finally, Noah closes the speech with a question, "what can you do to save the bees, help them, or to change prespective of bees?" and urges people to invest in a beehive, which would provide importance for the educational system through acquisition of agriculture knowledge. The change of prespective of bees for the better would definitely promote the acceptance of beehives in urban areas, which would help boost the declining bee population.
TED Talk
http://www.ted.com/talks/noah_wilson_rich_every_city_needs_healthy_honey_bees.html

The Game

May. 12th, 2013 10:15 am
Published in 1983, "The Game" by Ken Dryden describes his busy and often tiring experience as a celebrity athlete. Dryden mentioned that a "celebrity is a full, integrated life, earned on-ice, performed, sustained, strengthened, and re-earned off-ice". To stand out from the crowd of other athletes on-ice, he would have to train, make memorable saves, and maintain the level of performance. All this takes an incredible amount of dedication and time! Off-ice it doesn't get much better. He would have to comment about the game if he was asked. He would also be pushed to volunteer his off-ice time to hone and improve his image through a variety of ways such as visits to "children in hospital, old folks' home to autograph their casts, shake their hands, make them props to his generosity and compassion" and the "unending autographs, handshakes, and smiles" to the many fans he has acquired. This described the cycle he had to go through constantly to maintain his image.

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